Goodbye to Hyperpigmentation / Melasma

What is MELASMA?

• Melasma is a type of hyperpigmentation which causes dark patches on the skin.

• Melanin is the pigment that defines the color of a person’s skin, and melasma is caused by an increase in melanin

• This increase is thought to be triggered by changes in hormone levels, especially those caused by pregnancy and
oral contraceptives, as well as by the sun.

• Quite common in women, especially during and after pregnancy. Many pregnant women experience melasma1 and the
condition is sometimes referred to as “the mask of pregnancy”.

• Men can experience melasma, but it is much more common in women.

Cosmotree Clinic offers best melasma/hyperpigmentation removal in Delhi for effective safe results.

Types of Skin Hyperpigmentation:

• Freckles and Sun Damage

• Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation

• Melasma

Common causes of Melasma:

• Sun exposure

• Hormonal Imbalances

• Wrong skin care products

There are three types of melasma:

• Epidermal melasma: The top layer of skin is affected and the hyperpigmentation is brown with well-defined

• Dermal melasma: Affects the deeper layers of skin and is characterized by blue-gray patches.

• Mixed melasma: a combination of epidermal and dermal) occur as a brown-gray pigment.

Sun protection is the most significant step you can take to help prevent or reduce instances of melasma

Therapys for Melasma:

Cosmotree Clinic in Delhi offers best melasma removal therapys such chemical peels and laser therapy can help to reduce melasma.

1) Laser Therapy:

• Laser therapys involve ‘zapping’ the affected areas with high-energy light.

Laser heats up and breaks down the pigment without affecting the surrounding skin.

• Different types of laser can be used depending on the extent of pigmentation.

• Pigmentation Removal with laser is a quick, gentle and non-surgical therapy. During the therapy the laser can
feel similar to the flicking of a rubber elastic band and for most people is not too uncomfortable.

• Immediate darkening is noticed after therapy. For few days the area will look like a dark wound which
eventually peels off.

• Laser therapy can help to reduce the appearance of melasma.

Cosmotree Clinic offers the best laser therapy in Delhi/NCR and Bengaluru and is one of the most advanced therapys for pigmentation and dark spots removal such as age spots, sun spots, and freckles on the skin.


• Can treat body and facial areas

• Minimal side-effects and recovery time

• Non-surgical

• Effective removal of dark spots such as age spots, sun spots and freckles.

Recovery Period:

No recovery time is needed. People can resume their daily activities immediately.

Post Therapy Precautions:

• No sun exposure for freshly treated skin.

• Wear a broad spectrum sunscreen for maximum protection.

• Do not pick at the wound and let it fall off naturally.

2) Chemical peels:

Chemical Peels are suitable to get rid of superficial skin pigmentation.

• Acids solutions are use for effective pigmentation removal.

• Salicylic acid, glycolic acid, and TCA chemical peels are often used to get rid of discoloration.

• The type of peel used may vary according to your skin type and results.

Cosmotree Clinic offers the best chemical peels for pigmentation removal in Delhi/NCR and Bengaluru


• It rejuvenates the skin.

• The top damaged layer of the skin is exfoliated.

• Improved and radiant skin tone.

• Fade out sun spots, freckles, and other pigmentation problem.

Recovery Period: It usually depends on the kind of peel you are going for:

1) Light chemical peels:

• Virtually no recovery time.

• The skin may be mildly irritated after the peel, patients can return to their daily activities immediately after

2) Medium chemical peels:

• The new layer of the skin appears few days after the therapy.

• After few weeks of therapy, the skin is fully recovered.

3) Deep chemical peels:

• These are intense peels and can take months for the skin to fully heal.

• Patients usually take a week off from work after going for a deep chemical peel.

Post Therapy Precautions:

• Apply sunscreen sincerely every day before stepping out into the sun.

• Avoid rigorous physical activity like working out in the gym to avoid excessive sweating.

• Avoid makeup for 24 hours after the therapy.

• Sauna, swimming, and hot tubs should be avoided for few days.


• Dermal Rolling is use to break apart the hyper-pigmentation caused due to hormonal imbalances.

• Can stimulate collagen and skin regeneration process.

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